The mineral corundum can be found in a variety of colors, such as blue, yellow, green, pink, and purple. Aluminum oxide, which makes up the majority of it, is a strong, durable material that is a great choice for gemstones. Corundum is a perfect material for use in jewelry because it is one of the hardest minerals, with a Mean hardness value of 9.
Sapphires and rubies are the two most well-known gemstones made of corundum. The most common color of sapphires is blue, although they can also be found in a variety of other colors, such as pink, yellow, green, and orange. On the other hand, rubies are one of the most expensive gemstones in the world and are red in color.
The corundum family also includes the pink-orange gemstone padparadscha, which is highly prized by collectors. Its color is supposed to imitate the lotus flower, and it is named after the lotus blossom, or Padma in Sanskrit. The star sapphire, another member of the corundum family, has a special star-shaped pattern that shows on the stone’s surface when it is viewed in specific lighting conditions.
The endurance of corundum is one of the contributing factors to its popularity as a gemstone. As corundum is one of the hardest minerals, as was already said, it is not easily scratched or otherwise damaged. This makes it a fantastic material to use in jewelry that will be worn often. Corundum has a high refractive index, which indicates that it has excellent light-reflecting qualities in addition to being durable. Because of the spectacular brilliance and sheen, it imparts, it is a popular material to use in gemstones.
All across world, corundum can be found in places including Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Tanzania, and Thailand. Many variables, including as the stone’s color and clarity, may affect the quality of the gemstones that are made in these places. The most translucent corundum gemstones are typically the most expensive, as are the ones that have the fewest inclusions or other flaws.
To sum up, corundum is a mineral valued for its beauty and hardness. Rubies and sapphires, two of its most famous gemstones, are highly prized by collectors and jewelry enthusiasts around. The corundum family also includes the star sapphire and the padparadscha, which are both in growing market. Corundum is a versatile material used in a variety of processes, including the production of fine jewelry.